Images/Perspective: How strong and rare was quake?

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By Jonathan Erdman,

A massive, powerful earthquake shook Chile early Saturday morning.  Here is some quick perspective on how strong and how frequent these giant earthquakes are.

Unfortunately, destructive earthquakes are nothing new to western South America, and to Chile in particular. 

Chile lies squarely on the eastern periphery of the "Ring of Fire", namely, a zone surrounding the Pacific Ocean, where 90% of the world's earthquakes occur. 

Chile holds record for world's largest ever earthquake

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Saturday's massive 8.8 earthquake was certainly one for the record books but as far Chileans go it wasn't the biggest.

In 1960 Valdivia, Chile, recorded a mammoth 9.5 on the Richter Scale earthquake.

Just like Saturday's quake the epicentre was south of the nation's largest city Santiago.

All tsunami warnings now cancelled

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The Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre has now cancelled ALL tsunami warnings across the Pacific Ocean.

As of 11:15pm Sunday significant "dangerous" swells (or 'surges') are still affecting New Zealand's east coast.

Tsunami approaches Japan - major alert along eastern seaboard

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The first tsunami from an earthquake in Chile hit Japan's outlying islands today, but while the initial waves were small and most of the Pacific islands already in its path had been spared damage, officials warned a bigger surge could follow.

Japan's Meteorological Agency said the first wave to reach Japan after the magnitude 8.8 quake off Chile was recorded in the Ogasawara islands. It was just 4 inches (10 cm) high. Another, measuring about 12 inches (30 cm), was observed in Hokkaido, to the north. There were no reports of damage.

As it crossed the Pacific, the tsunami has dealt populated areas - including the US state of Hawaii - just a glancing blow.

VIDEO: Major damage to Chilean port

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This video from CNN shows incredible damage to a port in Chile.  The film shows huge ships tossed up on to land and debris scattered throughout the harbour.

More than 2 million people were affected by the massive 8.8-magnitude earthquake that rocked Chile early Saturday local time says President Michelle Bachelet in a televised news conference today.

At least least 214 people were killed in the quake and the resulting tsunami, which ravaged parts of the Chilean coast and fanned out across the Pacific Ocean.

A large wave killed three people and 10 were missing on the island of Juan Fernandez, 400 miles (643 km) off the coast of Chile, said Provincial Governor Ivan De La Maza.

VIDEO: Damage from Chile earthquake, tsunami warnings

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One of the strongest earthquakes ever recorded struck Chile on Saturday, toppling homes, collapsing bridges and plunging trucks into the fractured earth. A tsunami threatened every nation around the Pacific Ocean, roughly a quarter of the globe.

- AP

VIDEO: Know what to do in a tsunami

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An animated short film to educate kids and parents about tsunamis.

Animated Crab Teaches Students Valuable Tsunami Preparedness Information.


Chile Quake could affect NZ's east coast beaches from 6am

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NZ Civil Defence as of 11:43pm: "There's still no threat to New Zealand. New Zealand scientists are continuing to monitor the situation". 

7.0 quake strikes near Japan - tsunami expected there

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Tsunami waves up to two metres high are expected to hit the Japanese island of Okinawa, after a large earthquake with an estimated range from 6.9 to 7.3.

CNN is reporting the quake measured 7.0

The tremor was centred about 85 kilometres east of the island, and only 29 kilometres below the sea bed.

Huge glacier on the move from Antarctica

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An iceberg containing enough water for everyone on the planet for a year has broken away from Antarctica.

The 78 kilometre long iceberg has a surface area of roughly 2,500 square kilometres, which is about five times the size of the Nelson District.