With all the rainfall figures coming in from the recent floods a theme was noticed – many of you measure rainfall in millilitres not millimetres.
We thought we’d go straight to the experts to get an explanation. Who better than former MetService Weather Ambassador Bob McDavitt.
Bob says rain is measured in a rain gauge its depth is measured in millimetres (mm).
“A mm of rain spread out over a square metre weighs around 1Kg and takes up 1 litre in volume. if we spread the same depth of rain over a hectare (100m x 100m) then it weighs a tonne / 1000kg”
So 1 mm of rain = 1L per square M.
“Millilitres of rain is probably what hydrologists and roof builders work with” says Bob. “If you know the square metres of your roof (when reduced to a flat surface) then multiply that by the mm of rain to get the litres going into your rain storage tank, so if your place got 50mm of rain last night (two inches) and your (flattened) roof is 50 sq metres then that is 50 x 50 = 2,500 litres into the storage tank. or a quarter of a 10,000 litre tank”.
As to how some people switched from mm to ml? Bob has his theory: “I think thatâ€™s happened because the slang term for millimetres of rain is mils of rain, and it is so easy to from mils to ml.”
The correct measurement for rainfall is in millimetres (mm).
on 4/11/2019 11:11pm
Hiya, I too wonder if you could correct the rate per hectare…it should read 10,000L per hectare.
on 17/09/2020 9:17am
MY/SG detected in NZ
on 29/09/2019 6:02pm
Conical, glass full scale marked one liter. At the bottom marked off in mL.
I was looking for a chart to aid in converting this to inches so we could use this old gauge.
on 29/09/2019 6:55pm
A simple google search should bring up plenty of charts converting mL to inches.
Good luck! 🙂
on 31/07/2018 11:43pm
As per previous comments, are you going to correct the math on this article
1mm rain equals 10,000 litres (10t, 10m3) per hectare, not 1,000 litres.
on 3/07/2017 9:48am
This is not true : SO 1 mm of rain = 1 ml per square m
It should read : SO 1 mm of rain = 1L per square m
Please correct your site as I was going to use this article for my Yr8 maths class to reference, but I am unable to do so.
on 3/07/2017 7:47pm
Hi there, Bob’s typo has been fixed.
on 14/03/2017 8:23pm
You might like to pop back and check your arithmetic there.
1mm of rain is not 1 millilitre/sq metre it is 1L/sq metre
And yes, the quoting of rainfall in mls (milli-litres) bugs me too.