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Canada – Alberta wildfire grows 8 times its size, 80,000 residents evacuated

When she spotted a small circle of orange flames flickering in the trees outside, Erica Decker knew she had just minutes left in the house she had always described as her dream home.

With little more than their cats and the clothes on their backs, she and her family jumped in the car to flee the rapidly advancing wildfire. “As we pulled out of the driveway, we could see the flames reaching our front lawn,” said Decker, her voice shaking as she fought back tears. “We knew we wouldn’t have anything to go back to.”

Walls of flames flanked the road as they made their way out of the northern Alberta city of Fort McMurray. “It was something out of a movie,” told the Guardian. “It was absolutely apocalyptic, there were vehicles stranded everywhere, the sky was black and orange, there were – and are still – so many people trapped.”


I cannot believe my eyes, just made it onto the highway before the fire went across. Hoping that everyone is safe in town

A video posted by Faith Johnston (@faithjohnstonn) on May 3, 2016 at 4:28pm PDT

They made it to Edmonton. On their first night, her two-year-old daughter kept asking for her own bed and her toys. “There was nothing we could for her,” she said. “Its unbelievably hard to watch a child go through that and not understand why they can’t have the things they want.”

Soon after, her worst fears were confirmed. Images from Fort McMurray showed an empty space where her home once stood, the scorched front steps the only trace of the bay-windowed house. “I don’t think there’s anything for me to return for,” she said.

Her neighbourhood, Beacon Hill, was among the first to be swallowed by the fire. The building where she worked also burned to the ground. “I don’t have a home, I don’t have a job. Our community, it doesn’t exist anymore. It’s gone. We’re not even sure if there is going to be a city to return to.”

On Thursday, the wildfire continued its path of destruction through northern Alberta, growing more than eight times in size as it reduced homes to rubble and engulfed entire neighbourhoods.

“We have a very difficult road ahead, with a lot of uncertainty as these fires continue to burn,” Rachel Notley, the premier of Alberta, said on Thursday.

Unseasonably hot temperatures, extremely dry conditions and winds of up to 70km/h, helped fuel the fire’s spectacular growth to 85,000 hectares – up from just 10,000 hectares the day before. On Wednesday, Notley had estimated that some 1600 structures had already been destroyed by the fire.

So far there have been no direct injuries or deaths from the fire. Alberta remained in a state of emergency on Thursday, with the communities of Anzac, Gregoire Lake Estates and Fort McMurray First Nation evacuated in the early hours of Thursday after the wildfires spread south. The blaze continued to burn in Fort McMurray, consuming homes and threatening several other neighbourhoods, while the emergency operations centre relocated three times in one day, as it sought to duck out of the path of the fire.

Officials said more than 1,110 firefighters, 145 helicopters, 138 pieces of heavy equipment and 22 air tankers were fighting 49 wildfires in the province, with seven of the wildfires considered to be raging out of control. Officials said the fire would likely continue to grow in the coming days, but noted it seemed to be heading away from the community, which lies in the heart of Canada’s oil sands.

It was too early to say whether the change in direction would lessen the threat posed by the fire, said Chad Morrison with AB Wildfire. “This is an extreme wildfire event and we expect to see continued extreme wildfire behavior over the coming days,” he said.

Firefighting efforts have so far been focused on protecting key infrastructure in the area, such as the water treatment plant, the hospital and the airport. Crews had also begun dropping water and retardant from the air on Wednesday in order to protect homes in residential areas. Four air tankers from Quebec were expected to arrive in the area on Thursday, and 100 firefighters were headed to northern Alberta from Ontario.

But according to Morrison, the only hope of stopping the fire soon is a chnage in the weather. “Let me be clear, air tankers are not going to stop this fire,” he said. “This is an extreme fire event. It’s going to continue to push through these dry conditions until we actually get some significant rain to help us.”

While temperatures in the area dropped considerably on Thursday, the wildfire was expected to continue to challenge firefighters. “We’re still going to have very low humidity and the conditions are still tinder-dry,” Morrison said.

The challenge was heightened as the fire – described as a “multi-headed monster” by Fort McMurray’s mayor – was now creating its own meteorological conditions. “It had begun to create its own weather, creating its own high winds yesterday and even lightning was coming from the smoke clouds that it created,” said Morrison.

The cause of the fire remains under investigation.

Mike Flannigan, a professor who studies wildland fire at the Edmonton’s University of Alberta, described the fire as a crown fire, which occurs when the tops of conifers carry the flames through the canopy. “That’s when you start to see the 100-metre-high flames,” he told the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.

The fire, he estimated, could be moving as fast as 5km/hour, likely with a fire front – the area where the fire is burning most intensely – so hot that the fire crews are unable to confront the fire head-on.

“It’s burning so hot that air drops are like spitting on a campfire. Water and retardant might slow it down, but probably not much,” he said.

Officials said they would begin moving the 25,000 people who had taken shelter in oilsands work camps north of the city to Edmonton, with the hope of securing better support services for them. About 8,000 people were expected to be flown out on Thursday, while the rest would have to wait until fuel reserves were refilled and the opening of a main highway to drive themselves south.

Justin Trudeau, Canada’s prime minister, described the week’s harrowing events as the largest fire evacuation in Alberta’s history.

“Homes have been destroyed. Neighbourhoods have gone up in flames. The footage we’ve seen of cars racing down highways while fire races on all sides is nothing short of terrifying,” he said. The Alberta community looked “like a war-torn corner of the world instead of our own backyard,” he added.

Some 48 hours after they were ordered out of their homes and their community, some residents were questioning how the evacuation was handled and pointing to the thick plumes of smoke that had loomed over the city in the days leading up to the orders.




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