Scientists are to check whether New Zealand muttonbirds that spend the winter off the coast of Japan have been exposed to radiation from the damaged Fukushima nuclear power plant.
In a new pilot study, University of Auckland scientists will investigate whether radioactive cesium has entered the New Zealand ecosystem or food chain via the birds.
The wrecked plant and its trapped contents have loomed over Japan since floodwaters from the March 2011 tsunami knocked out the plant’s back-up generators that were supposed to keep cooling its nuclear fuel.
The over-heating sparked meltdowns in three reactors and forced 150,000 to flee, and tens of thousands have been unable to return home to areas contaminated by radiation.
In the study, researchers will test the birds’ feathers for gamma rays that indicate the presence of the radioactive isotope cesium-134.
Feathers will be collected from prime muttonbird sites in the South Island, particularly Stewart Island.
New Zealand sooty shearwaters or titi migrate annually, spending the summer mating and raising their chicks in New Zealand before over-wintering off the coast of Japan.
Dr David Krofcheck, of the university’s department of physics, said the research was “very much about taking a precautionary approach” as there was no evidence to indicate that the birds had been vectors of radioactivity.
“But detection of gamma rays would tell us whether the birds spend sufficient time near Fukushima to accumulate cesium-134 from nuclear fission,” he said.
“Obviously the issue would then become whether that radioactivity is being absorbed into local ecosystems or the food chain.”
Pacific Bluefin tuna caught off the west coast of the United States showed only a minute trace of cesium-134 from Fukushima, 100 times less than normal radioactive elements found in fish.
The sooty shearwater was of cultural and economic value to Maori, who sustainably harvested the nearly fledged chicks during the annual muttonbird season.
The season runs from April to May and was restricted to Maori and their whanau who use the birds for food, oil and feather down.
Dr Krofcheck said consultation with Maori, the Rakiura Titi Islands Administering Body, about the research would begin as soon as possible.
“We will need to go through a number of approval processes and engage in consultation with local people before anything can happen as there are sensitive issues to consider before work can begin.”
The research is being done in collaboration with the Department of Zoology, University of Otago.
Previous tests on muttonbird exposure to radiation from Fukushima found no evidence of cesium being passed from parents to chicks.
“Our study is complementary to that earlier work but tests feathers instead of the birds themselves,” Dr Krofcheck said.
“Obviously what we are hoping to find in this latest research is that cesium levels in muttonbirds do not exceed exposure levels you would expect from natural sources.”
– NZ Herald/AP
on 30/09/2014 8:55am
This is the same University whose physics depattment covered up sever nuclear contamination?
Resulting in the deaths of four students, and many staff now have cancer?
Two contractors died after exposure to nuclear waste materials in the drains …
Massive amounts of radiological contamination occurred within the Science Three Building, spread over several floors.
NRL stripped several rooms for removal, and disposed of several rubbish bins, one putting out 1,800 microSieverts per hour, at 1 meter.
Guess the fissile materials.
on 27/03/2014 9:59am
Could someone please educate me on how all this works.
Not long ago WW posted a youtube animated video that showed all the nuclear detonations that had taken place around the world from 1945 to 1998.
Going by that video, the powers that be have been intent on killing us off slowly with nuclear fallout since 1945. But no one has battered an eyelid.
Now we have Fukishima, who is running out of storage room for its nuclear waste, and the plant is that damaged that contaminated water has been leaking into our Oceans.
Going by some reports Fukishima is building up to be a massive disaster, but no one is saying anything and we are running around in NZ testing mutton birds to see if they are radio active.
Whats the difference between a nuclear detonation and what is happening at Fukishima?
Nuclear is nuclear isn’t it?
on 27/03/2014 5:56am
Radiation is everywhere. Always has been, always will. The solution to pollution is dilution.
on 27/03/2014 3:32am
I would say testing the Human population would be a good idea too.
many sources say that the radiation had reached the US west coast some time ago.